Considered as the largest trading market on earth, currency trading is pegged to be trading over USD 2 trillion everyday. This figure greatly dwarfs the performance of the New York Stock Exchange, which gathers an estimated USD 50 billion each day. This comparison alone while help you imagine just how big a business currency trading is. Before anything else, you might be prompted to ask, “What is currency trading?”
Also known as Foreign Exchange, Forex, or FX, currency trading attracts a lot of investors in that it is a very liquid market to invest in. The potential for profit is huge but the risks too, are very high. Unlike the stock exchange, forex accumulates a huge volume of traders. The margins may be low, but the significantly big number of traders makes up for it. In effect, when you profit, and you invested a significant amount, you’d cash in on a very high profit. What is currency trading to some investors who can afford to lose is such a big risk to those who aren’t too fluent about the business yet.
A nation’s currency has a value in relation to another currency. As one buys and sells currency, one finds out that there are pairs of currencies that get traded 85% of total volume: US Dollar (USD) and Japanese Yen (JPY), Euro (EUR) and USD, USD and Swiss Franc (CHF), USD and Canadian Dollar (CAD), Australian Dollar (AUD) and USD, and British Pound (GBP) and USD.
Current values fluctuate due to its movement. Simply put, when one is in a foreign country and wishes to shop, he will have to convert his native currency to the currency of the country where he is. When he goes back home, he will then have to convert any remaining foreign currency in his pocket back to his domestic currency.
Another reason why there is constant fluctuation in currency values is speculation. Investors, who speculate about how strong or weak a currency will perform at a given time, buy or sell currencies accordingly. Drastic buying or selling has significant impact in a nation’s economy.